“It seems clear . . . that Shakespeare could read Italian, and that for a surprising number of plays he read those sources in Italian.”

The presence of Italian culture, language, characters and places dominates the entire Shakespeare’s body of work. This confirms the fact that Italy is everywhere in Shakespeare, at every level—stylistic, linguistic, historical, artistic, geographic, topographic, emotive. In no other Elizabethan writer do Italy and Italian culture, which do have a recurring presence in that literature, play so large a part as they do in Shakespeare.